3.4.1.







: 0 1 { 0, 1 }


: ------------- P 2^P ------------- 10 1024 9 512 8 256 7 128 6 64 5 32 4 16 3 8 2 4 1 2 0 1 -1 1/2 -2 1/4 -3 1/8 -4 1/16 -5 1/32 -6 1/64 -7 1/128 -8 1/256 -9 1/512 -10 1/1024 -------------


: + | 0 1 ---+-------- 0 | 0 1 1 | 1 10


: * | 0 1 ---+-------- 0 | 0 0 1 | 0 1


------------------------------------ Binary | | Octal | Hexdecimal {2} | {4} | {8} | {16} --------+-------+-------+----------- 0000 | 00 | 00 | 0 0001 | 01 | 01 | 1 0010 | 02 | 02 | 2 0011 | 03 | 03 | 3 0100 | 10 | 04 | 4 0101 | 11 | 05 | 5 0110 | 12 | 06 | 6 0111 | 13 | 07 | 7 1000 | 20 | 10 | 8 1001 | 21 | 11 | 9 1010 | 22 | 12 | A 1011 | 23 | 13 | B 1100 | 30 | 14 | C 1101 | 31 | 15 | D 1110 | 32 | 16 | E 1111 | 33 | 17 | F ------------------------------------


: -------------------- .0 = 0 .1 = 1/2 .00 = 0 .01 = 1/4 .10 = 2/4 = 1/2 .11 = 3/4 .000 = 0 .001 = 1/8 .010 = 2/8 = 1/4 .011 = 3/8 .100 = 4/8 = 1/2 .101 = 5/8 .110 = 6/8 = 3/4 .111 = 7/8 .0000 = 0 .0001 = 1/16 .0010 = 2/16 = 1/8 .0011 = 3/16 .0100 = 4/16 = 1/4 .0101 = 5/16 .0110 = 6/16 = 3/8 .0111 = 7/16 .1000 = 8/16 = 1/2 .1001 = 9/16 .1010 = 10/16 = 5/8 .1011 = 11/16 .1100 = 12/16 = 3/4 .1101 = 13/16 .1110 = 14/16 = 7/8 .1111 = 15/16 --------------------


2: ---------------------------------------------- 2^1 2 2^2 4 4^1 2^3 8 8^1 2^4 16 4^2 16^1 2^5 32 2^6 64 4^3 8^2 2^7 128 2^8 256 4^4 16^2 2^9 512 8^3 2^10 1024 4^5 2^11 2048 2^12 4096 4^6 8^4 16^3 2^13 8192 2^14 16384 4^7 2^15 32768 8^5 2^16 65536 4^8 16^4 2^17 131072 2^18 262144 4^9 8^6 2^19 524288 2^20 1048576 4^10 16^5 ---------------------------------------------- 2^21 = 2097152 2^22 = 4194304 2^23 = 8388608 2^24 = 16777216 2^25 = 33554432 2^26 = 67108864 2^27 = 134217728 2^28 = 268435456 2^29 = 536870912 2^30 = 1073741824 2^31 = 2147483648 2^32 = 4294967296 2^33 = 8589934592 2^34 = 17179869184 2^35 = 34359738368 2^36 = 68719476736 2^37 = 137438953472 2^38 = 274877906944 2^39 = 549755813888 2^40 = 1099511627776 2^41 = 2199023255552 2^42 = 4398046511104 2^43 = 8796093022208 2^44 = 17592186044416 2^45 = 35184372088832 2^46 = 70368744177664 2^47 = 140737488355328 2^48 = 281474976710656 2^49 = 562949953421312 ----------------------------------------------


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