3.4.5.





: { 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 } .


: -------------------- P 10^P -------------------- 5 100000 4 10000 3 1000 2 100 1 10 0 1 -1 0.1 -2 0.01 -3 0.001 -4 0.0001 --------------------


------------------------------------- + | 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ------------------------------------- 0 | 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 1 | 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 2 | 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 3 | 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 4 | 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 5 | 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 6 | 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 7 | 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 8 | 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 9 | 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 -------------------------------------


------------------------------------- * | 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ------------------------------------- 0 | 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 1 | 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 2 | 00 02 04 06 08 10 12 14 16 18 3 | 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 24 27 4 | 00 04 08 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 5 | 00 05 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 6 | 00 06 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 7 | 00 07 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 8 | 00 08 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 9 | 00 09 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 -------------------------------------


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